This bibliography was compiled by Paolo Stuppia of Cal Poly Humboldt, Dept of Sociology and the Back-to-the-Land Project. 


General References about Counterculture, Hippies, and Utopias in the US

Works presented in this part focus not only on the back-to-the-land/back-to-nature movements, but more generally about hippie counterculture and utopias during the 60s and 70s within US, with a particular attention to the Bay Area. They also include references about the history of communal living in the country. The separation between academic and non-academic works is just intended for simplification: the second section may include references sharing both purposes, under the category “Others”. Moreover, many important writings by participants and founders of the counterculture can be found in other parts and sections of this bibliography.

  • Academic Works
              -Books, Theses, Dissertations


Anderson, T. H. (1996). The Movement and the 60s: Protest in America from Greensboro to Wounded Knee. Oxford University Press.

Ashbolt, A. (2013). A Cultural History of the Radical Sixties in the San Francisco Bay Area. Routledge.

Bach, D. (2020). The American Counterculture. A History of Hippies and Cultural Dissent. University Press of Kansas.

Blauvelt, Andrew ed. (2015) Hippie Modernism: The Struggle for Utopia. Walker Art Center.

Boal, I., Stone, J., Watts, M., & Winslow, C. (Eds.). (2012). West of Eden: Communes and Utopia in Northern California. PM Press.

Braunstein, P., & Doyle, M. W. (2002). Imagine Nation: The American Counterculture of the 1960s and ‘70s. Routledge.

Brown, S. L. (Ed.). (2002). Intentional Community. An Antrhropological Perspective. SUNY Press.

Cavan, S. (1972). Hippies of the Haight. New Critics Press.

Clecak P. (1983). America’s Quest for the Ideal Self: Dissent and fulfilment in the 60s and 70s. Oxford University Press.

Cottrell R.C.. (2015). Sex, drugs, and rock ‘n’ roll : the Rise of America’s 1960s Counterculture. Rowman & Littlefield.

Creagh, R. (2009). Utopies américaines. Expériences libertaires du XIXe siècle à nos jours. Agone.*

DeGroot, G. J. (2008). The Sixties Unplugged: A Kaleidoscopic History of a Disorderly Decade. Harvard University Press.

D’Alessandro, R. (2018). Gioventù ribelle a San Francisco. Tra beat generation e hippie (1956-1967). Derive/Approdi.*

Dubinsky, K., Krull, K., Lord, S., Mills, S. & Rutherford, S. (Eds.). (2009). New World Coming: The 60s and the Shaping of a Global Consciousness. Between the Lines.

Felder, D. (1985). Les mutants pacifiques : expériences communautaires “New Age” en Californie. Editions d’en bas. 

Fogarty, R. S. (1980). Dictionnary of American Communal and Utopian History. Greenwood.

Fisher, K. P. (2006) America in White, Black, and Gray: The Stormy 1960s. Continuum International.

Frank, T. (1997). The Conquest of Cool: Business Culture, Counterculture, and the Rise of Hip Consumerism. University of Chicago Press.

Gair, C. (2007). The American Counterculture. Edinburgh University Press.

Gardner, H. (1978). The Children of Prosperity. Thirteen Modern American Communes. Saint Martin’s Press.

Granjon, M. C. (1985). L’Amérique de la contestation. Les années 1960 aux États-Unis. PFNSP.

Hall, J. R. (1978). The Ways Out. Utopian Communal Groups in the Age of Babylon. Routledge. 

Hamilton, N. (1997). The ABC-CLIO Companion to the 1960s Counterculture in America. ABC-CLIO.

Hayden, T. (2009). The Long Sixties. From 1960s to Barack Obama. Routledge.

Houriet, R. (1972). Getting Back Together. Avon Books.

Hughes, C. (2015). Young lives on the Left: Sixties activism and the liberation of the self. Manchester University Press. 

Kanter, R. M. (1972). Commitment and Community: Communes and Utopias in Sociological Perspective. Harvard University Press.

Kanter, R. M. (1973). Communes: Creating and Managing the Collective Life. Harper and Row.

Keniston, K. (1971). Youth and Dissent: The Rise of a New Opposition. Harcourt Brace Jovanovic.

Kisseloff, J. (2006). Generation on fire: Voices of Protest from the 1960s: An Oral History. The University Press of Kentucky.

Klatch, R. (1999). A Generation Divided. The New Left, the New Right, and the 1960s. University of California Press.*

Lallement, M. (2021). Un désir d’égalité. Vivre et travailler dans les communautés utopiques. Seuil.

McKenna, K. & Hollander, D. (Eds.). (2012). Notes from a Revolution : Com/co, the Diggers & the Haight. Foggy Notion Books.

McMillan, J. (2011). Smoking Typewriters: The Sixties Underground Press and the Rise of Alternative Media in America. Oxford University Press.

Melville, K. (1972). Communes in the Counter Culture: Origins, Theories, Styles of Life. William Morrow.

Miller, J. (1994). Democracy in the Streets: From Port Huron to Chicago. Harvard University Press.

Miller, T. (1999). The 60s Communes: Hippies and Beyond. Syracuse University Press.

Miller, T. (2011). The Hippies and American Values. University of Tennessee Press.

Miller, T. (2019). Communes in America, 1975-2000. Syracuse University Press.

Moretta, J. A. (2015). The Hippies: A 1960s Story. McFarland & Company.

Ritcher, P. E. (1971). The New Communes: Coming Together in America. Prentice-Hall.

Rorabaugh, W. J. (2015). American Hippies. Cambridge University Press.

Roszak, T. (1969). The Making of a Counter Culture. Reflections on the technocratic society and its youthful opposition. Anchor Books.*

Saint-Jean-Paulin, C. (1997). La contre-culture. États-Unis, années 60: la naissance de nouvelles utopies. Autrement. 

Scott, F. D. (2016). Outlaws Territories. Environment of Insecurity/Architecture of Counterinsurgency. Zone Books.

Simard, G. L. (1973). The Ritual, Myth, and World View of the Hippy [Master’s Thesis, Université Laval Québec].

Sreenivasan, J. (2008). Utopias in American History. ABC-CLIO.

Stephens, J. (1998). Anti-Disciplinary Protest: Sixties Radicalism and Postmodernism. Cambridge University Press. 

Sutton, R. P. (2005). Modern American Communes. A Dictionary. Greenwood.

Turner, F. (2006). From Counterculture to Cyberculture. Steward Brand, the Whole Earth Network, and the Rise of Digital Utopianism. Chicago University Press.

Zablocki, B. (1980). Alienation and Charisma. A Study of Contemporary American Communes. Free Press.

Zicklin, G. (1983). Countercultural Communes. A Sociological Perspective. Greenwood.

      -Chapters and Articles

Allen, M. (2005). “I Just Want to Be a Cosmic Cowboy”: Hippies, Cowboy Code, and the Culture of a Counterculture. Western Historical Quarterly, 36(3), 275–299.

Averyt, W. F. (1971). The Philosophy of the Counterculture. Naval War College Review, 23(7), 17–25.*

Bennett, A. (2014). Reappraising Counterculture. In S. Whiteley & J. Sklower (Eds.), Countercultures and Popular Music (pp. 17–28). Ashgate Publishing Limited.

Bidaud, A. M. (1982). Contre-culture et culture de masse aux États-Unis: de l’exploitation à l’auto-récupération. Raison présente, 64(4), 31–48.

Cornfield, N. (1983). The success of Urban Communes. Journal of Marriage and Family, 45(1), 115–126.

Crownfield, D. (1970). The New Left and the Counter-Culture [Review of The Age of Protest; The Making of a Counter-Culture; The New Left: A Collection of Essays; The Making of an Un-American, a Dialogue with Experience; An Essay on Liberation; Do It!, by W. Anderson, T. Roszak, P. Long, P. Cowan, H. Marcuse, & J. Rubin]. The North American Review, 255(3), 70–76.

Duncan, R. (2013). The Summer of Love and Protest: Transatlantic Counterculture in the 1960s. In G. Kosc, C. Juncker, S. Monteith, & B. Waldschmidt-Nelson (Eds.), The Transatlantic Sixties: Europe and the United States in the Counterculture Decade (pp. 144–173). Transcript Verlag.

Hall, S. (1968). The hippies: An American “Moment”. In A. Gray, J. Campbell, M. Erickson, S. Hanson, & E. Wood (Eds.), CCCS Selected Working Papers, volume 2 (pp.146–167). Routledge.

Hannon, A. (2016). “Hippie” is a Transnational Identity: Australian and American Countercultures and the London OZ. Australasian Journal of American Studies, 35(2), 39–59.

Hardwick, C. D. (1973). The Counter Culture as Religion: On the Identification of Religion. Soundings: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 56(3), 287–311.

Lerner, M. (1971). Where To? Change, 3(5), 26–33. 

Lewis, G. (1976). The Structure and Support in Social Movements: An Analysis of Organization and Resource Mobilization in the Youth Contra-Culture. The British Journal of Sociology, 27(2), 184–196.*

Monneyron, F., & Xiberras, M. (2008). Le monde hippie: de l’imaginaire psychédélique à la révolution informatique. Imago.

Noulin, F. (2016). Les Diggers, une expérience singulière au cœur d’une décennie contestataire. Les cahiers d’histoire. Revue d’histoire critique, 133, 101–109.

Parkman, E. B. (2014). A hippie discography: vinyl records from a Sixties commune. World Archaeology, 46(3), 431–447.

Suri, J. (2009). The Rise and Fall of an International Counterculture, 1960-1975. The American Historical Review, 114(1), 45–68.

Stuppia, P. (2016). Les hippies et le mouvement des communautés, pionniers de l’écologie? In C. Blatrix & L. Gervereau (Eds.), Tout vert! Le grand tournant de l’écologie 1969-1975 (pp. 88–97). AgroParisTech / Musée du Vivant.*

Vollmar, K. (1984). Comunas y Comunidades en Norteamérica. Integral, 8, 19–37.

Zablocki, B. (1980). Alienation and Charisma. A Study of Contemporary American Communes. Free Press.

Zicklin, G. (1983). Countercultural Communes. A Sociological Perspective. Greenwood.

-Journalist Works, Personal Accounts, Others

Albert, J. C., & Albert, S. E. (Eds.). (1984). The Sixties Papers: Documents of a Rebellious Decade. Praege Pub. Inc.

Anderson, M. S. (1990). Whatever Happened to the Hippies? Miles & Miles.

Anthony, G. (1980). The Summer of Love: Haight-Ashbury at its Highest. Celestial Arts.*

Berke, J. (Ed.). (1969). Counter Culture. The Creation of an Alternative Society. Peter Owen Ltd.

Bloom, A., & Weines, B. (2015). “Takin’ It to the Streets”: A Sixties Reader (4th Ed.). Oxford University Press.

Bouyxou, J. P., & Delannoy, P. (1995). L’aventure hippie. Éditions du Lézard.*

Charters, A. (Ed.). (2003). The Portable Sixties Reader. Penguin Books.

Davidson, S. (1997). Loose Change: Three Women of the Sixties. Doubleday.

D’Alessandro, J., & Terry, C. M. (2017). Summer of Love: art, fashion, and rock and roll. Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco.

Didon, J. (1968). Slouching Toward Bethlehem. FSG.

Dister, A. (2006). Oh hippie days! Carnets américains, 1966-1969. J’ai Lu.

Fairfield, R. (1972). Communes USA. A Personal Tour. Penguin Books.

Fairfield, R. (2010). The Modern Utopian. Alternative Communities of the ‘60s and ‘70s. Process Media.

Gaillard, A. (2014). Les Diggers. Révolution et contre-culture à San Francisco (1966-1968). L’Échappée.*

Gaskin, S. (2005). Monday Night Class. Book Publishing Company.

Gaskin, S. (2007). The Caravan. Book Publishing Company.

Goodman, M. (Ed.). (1970). The Movement Toward a New America. The Beginnings of a Long Revolution (a Collage). A What? Pilgrim Press.*

Green, J. (1988). All Dressed Up: The Sixties and the Counterculture. Jonathan Cape. 

Guaitamacchi, E. (2009). Figli dei fiori, figli di Satana. Racconti e visioni dell’estate del 1969. Arcana. 

Guarnaccia, M. (1997). The summer of love: a condensed hipstory. Stampa alternativa.

Gustatis, R. (1970). Turning On. Signet.

Hedgepeth, W., & Stock, D. (1970). The Alternative: Communal life in New America. Collier Books.

Hopkins, J. (1969). Le voci degli hippies. Laterza.

Issit, M. L. (2009). Hippies: A Guide to an American Subculture. Grenwwod.

Jezo-Vannier, S. (2019). San Francisco. L’utopie hippie. Le mot et le reste.

Lancelot, M. (1968). Je veux regarder Dieu en Face. Vie, mort et résurrection des hippies. Albin Michel.*

Lancelot, M. (1972). Campus. J’ai Lu.*

Law, L. (2000). Interviews with Icons : flashing on the sixties. Lumen Books.

Leamer, L. (1972). The Paper Revolutionaries. The Rise of the Undergrond Press. Simon & Schuster.

Lifton, R. J. (1973). Home from the War. Simon and Schuster.

Lombard, A. (1972). Le mouvement hippie aux États-Unis. Casterman.*

Lukas, A. (1971). Don’t Shoot, We Are Your Children. Random House. 

Lynd, A. (1968). We Won’t Go! Personal Accounts of War Objectors. Beacon Press.

McCleary, J. B. (2004). The Hippie Dictionary: A Cultural Encyclopedia (and Phraseicon) of the 1960s and 1970s. Ten Speed Press.

McLughlin, C., & Davidson, G. (1990). Builders of the Dawn. Community Lifestyle in a Changing World. Book Publishing Company.

Miles, B. (2004). Hippie. Cassell Illustrated.

Morin, E. (1970). Journal de Californie. Seuil. 

Morrison, J., & Morrison, R. K. (1987). From Camelot to Kent State: The Sixties Experience in the Words of those Who Lived it. Oxford University Press.

Muller, P. (1968). Le livre rose du Hippy. UGE.*

Neville, R. (2009). Hippie Hippie Shake: rock drogues sexe utopie, Paris: Payot.*

Obst, L. (Ed). (1977). The Sixties: The Decade Remembered Now, by the People Who Lived it Then. Rolling Stone Press, 1977.

Perry, C. & Weir, B. (2005). The Haight Ashbury. Wenner Books.

Perry, H. S. (1970). The Human Be-In. Basic Books.

Pessis, J. (2005). Les années hippies. Éditions Chroniques.

Proietti, S. (2008), Hippies! Dall’india alla California, la road map del 68. Cooper Castelvecchi.

Prothon, M. (1979).  La Galette des rois pauvres: le mouvement coopératif communautaire et le réseau parallèle de bouffe, la voie nord-américaine. Éditions d’Utovie.

Ravache, M. (2006). Les années cool. Une jeunesse de rêves, 1969-1979. Éditions du Panama.

Reich, C. A. (1970). The Greening of America: How the Youth Revolution is Trying to Make America Livable. Random House.

Salomon, P. (1979). Les nouveaux aventuriers de l’esprit. Albin Michel.

Schulman, B. J. (2001). The Seventies: The Great Shift in the American Culture, Society, and Politics. Da Capo Press.

Selvin, J. (1999). Summer of Love: The inside story of LSD, Rock & Roll, Free Love, and High Times in the Wild West. Cooper Square Press.

Stone, S. (1999). Hippies From A to Z: Their Sex, Drugs, Music and Impact from the Sixties to the Present. Hip Inc.*

Thesée, B., Gotlib, M., & Gander-Gosse, D. (1974). Les aventures communautaires de Wao Le Laid. P.Belfond.*

Unger, I., & Unger, D. (1998). The Times Were a Changin’: The Sixties Reader. Three Rivers Press.

Von Hoffman, N. (1968). We Are the People Our Parents Warned Us Against. Quadrangle Books.

Ward, B. (Ed.). (2009). The 1960s: A Documentary Reader. Wiley-Blackwell. 

Wavy Gravy, & Kesey, K. (1974). The Hog Farm and Friends. Links.

Wavy Gravy. (1992). Something Good for a Change: random notes on peace thru living. St. Martin’s Press.

Watchsberger, K. (Ed.). (1997). The Ballad of Ken and Emily; or, Tales from the Counterculture. Azenphony Press.

Watchsberger, K. (Ed.). (2011). My Odyssey Through the Underground Press. Michigan State University Press.

Wolfe, T. (1968). The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test. FSG.

Yablonsky, L. (2000). The Hippie Trip: A Firsthand Account of the Beliefs, Drug Use and Sexual Patterns of Young Drop-outs in America. iUniverse.

Back to the land movement in the U.S.

Works presented here focus more explicitly on the back-to-the-land/back-to-nature movements since the 1960s (for pioneers, see point XYZ: Related – History). A significant section is dedicated to Northern California and Southern Oregon (rural communes, local communities…) including – if related to – Native Americans, small miners, gendered/LGBTQIA+, spiritual, environmental and Marijuana movements, but excluding: a. general politics and philosophies; b. Lifestyles ; c. Music, Performances, Art and Festivals; d. How-to; e. magazines and newspapers; f. gray literature; g. non-autobiographical fictional works; h. videos; and i. Websites. In the third section, the name of the State is mentioned between square brackets.

  1. General References

Berger, B. M. (1981). The Survival of a Counterculture. Ideological Work and Everyday Life among Rural Communards. University of California Press.

Brinkerhoff, M. B., & Jacob, J. C. (1987). Quasi-Religious Meaning Systems, Official Religion, and Quality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: A Survey from the Back-to-the-Land Movement. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 26(1), 63–80. 

Brown, D. (2011). Back-to-the-Land. The Enduring Dream of Self-Sufficiency in Modern America. Wisconsin University Press.

Bryant, J. (1980). Theory, Survival, and the Back-to-Nature Movement. Technology and Culture, 21(2), 227–230.*

Danbom, D.B. (1991). Romantic Agrarianism in Twentieth-Century America. Agricultural History, 65(4), 1–12. 

De Gregori, T. R. (1982). The Back-to-Nature Movement: Alternative Technologies and the Inversion of Reality. Technology and Culture, 23(2), 214–217.

Edgington, R. H. (2008). “Be Receptive to the Good Earth”: Health, Nature, and Labor in Countercultural Back-to-the-Land Settlements. Agricultural History, 82(3), 279–308. 

Foglia, L. (2010). Re-Wilding: Moving Off the Grid in America. Aperture, 200, 40–47.*

Grant, B. L. (1974). Surveying the Back-to-the-Land Movement int the Seventies [Senior Project, Residential College, University of  Michigan]. 

Jacob, J. C. (1992). Searching for a Sustainable Future: Experiences from the Back-to-the-Land Movement. Futures Research Quarterly, 8(1), 5–29. 

Jacob, J. C. (1996). The North American Back-to-the-Land Movement. Community Development Journal, 31(3), 241–249. 

Jacob, J. C. (1997). New Pioneers. The Back-to-the-Land Movement and the Search for a Sustainable Future. Penn State University Press.

Kneale Gould, R. (1999). Modern Homesteading in America: Negotiating Religion, Nature, and Modernity. Worldviews, 3(3), 183–212. 

Kneale Gould, R. (2005). At Home in Nature: Modern Homesteading and Spiritual Practice in America. University of California Press. 

Olwig, K. (2005). Representation and Alienation in the Political Landscape, Cultural Geographies, 12(1), 19–40.

Raphael, R. (1986). Edges: Human Ecology of the Backcountry. University of Nebraska Press.

Truscello, M. (2017). Off-grid. In I. Szeman, J. Wenzel, & P. Yaeger (Eds.), Fueling Culture: 101 Words for Energy and Environment (pp. 248–251). Fordham University Press.

Vannini, P., & Taggart, J. (2014). Do-it-yourself or do-it-with? The regenerative life skills of off-grid home builders. Cultural Geographies, 21(2), 267–285.

  • In Northern California and Southern Oregon  
     – Academic Works


Adelman, A. (2013). Gender Dynamics and Social Relations of Production in Humboldt’s Marijuana Industry [Master’s Thesis, Humboldt State University].*

Alexander, N. (2019). Progressive transmission: Intergenerational persistence and positive adaptation of counterculture values [Bachelor’s dissertation, Oregon State University].*

Anders, J. (1990). Beyond Counterculture: The Community of Mateel. Washington State University Press. 

August, K. D. (2012). Playing the Game: Marijuana Growing in a Rural Community [Master’s Thesis, Humboldt State University].*

Bernstein, J. (2018). Beyond “Owls Versus Jobs”: A Twenty-Year Retrospective of the Headwaters Forest Controversy. Humboldt Journal of Social Relations, 40, 54–67. 

Barnhart, E. (1975). Friends, lovers in a lesbian counterculture community. In N. Glazer-Malbin (Ed.), Old Family/New Family: Interpersonal Relationships (pp. 90–115). Van Nostrand.

Bryant, S. (2012). Public Policy Assessment of Local Government Approaches to Implementing Medical Marijuana Laws [Master’s Thesis, Humboldt State University].*

Cavan, S. (1971). Hippies of the Redwood Forest. Unpublished manuscript.*

Corva, D. (2014) Requiem for a CAMP: The Life and Death of a Domestic US Drug War Institution, International Journal of Drug Policy, 25(1), 71–80.

Fukunaga, M. (2013). Legitimacy and the Discursive Space Based on Salmon as a Collective Memory: A Case of the Mattole Watershed in California. International Journal of Japanese Sociology, 22, 160–177.*

Gienger, R. (2018). Timber Wars and Aftermath in Northwest Coastal California. Humboldt Journal of Social Relations, 40, 15–22. 

Herring, S. (2007). Out of the Closets, into the Woods: “RFD”, “Country Women”, and the Post-Stonewall Emergence of Queer Anti-Urbanism. American Quarterly, 59(2), 341–372.* (Albion Lesbi

Huddon-Corsar, I. (2014). Media Ownership and Cannabis in Humboldt County News Media [Master’s Thesis, Humboldt State University].*

Hurwitz, L. S. (2017). Settler Colonialism and White Settler Responsibility in the Karuk, Konomihu, Shasta and New River Shasta Homelands: A White Unsettling Manifesto [Master’s Thesis, Humboldt State University].*

Leeper J. (1990). Humboldt County: its Role in the Emerald Triangle. California Geographical Society.

Mc Cubbery J. P. (2007). Impacts of Illicit Drug Policy on Community Cohesion: A Case Study of the Campaign Against Marijuana Planting in Southern Humboldt [Doctoral dissertation, UC Berkeley].

Polson, M. (2017). Planning for Marijuana: Development, Governance and Regional Political Economy. In F. Chiodelli, T. Hall, & R. Hudson (Eds.), The Illicit and Illegal in Regional and Urban Governance and Development: Corrupt Places (pp. 141–163). Routledge. *

Polson, M. (2018). Marketing Marijuana: Prohibition, Medicalisation, and the Commodity. In J. Carrier (Ed.), Economy, Crime and Wrong in a Neoliberal Era. Berghahn Books.*

Polson, M. (2019). Making marijuana an environmental issue: Prohibition, pollution, and policy. Environment and Planning E: Nature and Space, 2(2), 229–251.*

Polson, M., & Petersen-Rockney, M. (2019). Cannabis Farmers or Criminals? Enforcement-first Approaches Fuel Disparity and Hinder Regulation. California Agriculture, 73(3), 185–193.*

Salter, J. (1981). Shadow Forks: A Small Community’s Relationships to Ecology and Regulations [Doctoral dissertation, UC Santa Cruz].

Speece, D. F. (2017). Seeds of Rebellion: The Fight over Sally Bell Grove and the Origins of the Redwood Wars. California History, 94(2), 4–21. 

Speece, D. F. (2017). Defending Giants: The Redwood Wars and the Transformation of American Environmental Politics. University of Washington Press. 

Willow, W. (2017). Listening to the Mattole: Lessons in Bioregionalism, Cannabis, and Capitalism [Master’s Thesis, Humboldt State University].*

  • Journalist Works, Personal Accounts, Others

Brady, E. (2013). Humboldt : Life on America’s Marijuana Frontier. Grand Central Publishing.

Butterfly Hill, J. (2000). The Legacy of Luna. True Story of a Tree Woman, and the Struggle to Save the Redwoods. Harper San Francisco. 

Chapple, S. (1984). Outlaws in Babylon: Shocking True Adventures on the Marijuana Frontier. Pocket Books.

Dean, B. (1979). Wellspring : a Story from the Deep Country. Island Press.

Deevy, S., Kaufer, N., Wagner, D., Newhouse, C., & Miracle, B. (1976). Country Lesbians. The Story of the WomanShare Collective. WomanShare Books.

Dr. Loon. (2019). The Price of a Life. Shell, Gold, Carbon Notes and Weed: Four Kinds of Money in the Humboldt Bay / Six Rivers Region. A Historical and Personal Account. Bug Press.*

Hecht, P. (2014). Weed Land: Inside America’s Marijuana Epicenter and How Pot Went Legit. University of California Press. 

Holmquist, S. (2010). Chronic Freedom Series: chronic freedom, dirt, light, 3 books, Big Drug Factory – Unfound. Open Secret, LLC. 

Horn, V., Horn, M., & Horn, J. (2013). Impossible Beyond This Point. True Adventure Creating a Self-sufficient Life in the Wilderness. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. 

Livermore, L. (2013). Spy Rock Memories. Don Giovanni Records.

Monkerud, D., Terence, M., & Keese, S. (Eds.). (2000). Free Land: Free Love: Tales of a Wilderness Commune. Black Bear Mining and Publishing Company.*

Morning Star. (1973). The Morning Star Scrapbook. Friends of the Morning Star Publications.*

Morning Star. (1978). Home Free: A History of Morning Star Ranch and Wheeler’s Ahimsa. Friends of the Morning Star Publications.

Parsons, E. E. (1985). Humboldt Homegrown: The Golden Age. Egret Pub. Co. 

People at Blue Mt. Ranch (Eds.). (1974). January Thaw: People at Blue Mt. Ranch Write about Living Together in the Mountains. Times Change Press.Raphael, R. (1985). Cash Crop: An American Dream. Ridge Times Press.

Salter, J. (n.d.) Black Bear Ranch: A Place in the Country. Unpublished manuscript.*

Santos, A. (2018). Homegrown. A Year in the Life of a Humboldt Guerrilla Grower. Andrew Santos.*

Schlanger, C. (2019). Hippie Woman Wild. A Memoir of Life and Love on an Oregon Commune. Wyatt-MacKenzie. 

Sender Bayarón, R. (Ed.). (2016). Morning Star Ranch and Wheeler’s Open Land Communes. A Brief Run-Through of Their Histories. Calm Unity Press.*

Sender Bayarón, R. (Ed.). (2017). Home Free Home: A History of Two Open-Door Californian Communes Morning Star Ranch and Wheeler’s Ahimsa Ranch. Calm Unity Press.*

Smith, M. H. (2012). Heart of Dankness: Underground Botanists, Outlaw Farmers, and the Race for the Cannabis Cup. Broadway Books.

Terence, M. (2018). Beginner’s Luck. Dispatches from the Klamath Mountains. Oregon State University Press.*

  1. Outside Northern California and Southern Oregon 

Angew, E. (2004). Back from the Land: How Young Americans Went to Nature in the 1970s, and Why They Came Back. [Maine]

Campbell, B. C. (2016). In Search of Arcadia: Agrarian Values and the Homesteading Tradition in the Ozarks, USA. Environmental Values, 25(2), 145–166. [Arkansas]

Coffey, R. A. (1982). Bogtrotter. Notes from a North Country Cabin. Dorn Books. [Minnesota]

Curl, J. (2007). Memories of Drop City: the first Hippie Commune of the 1960s and the Summer of Love. iUniverse. [Colorado]

Daloz, K. (2016). We Are As Gods: Back to the Land in the 1970s on the Quest for a New America. PublicAffairs. [Vermont]

Hunter, D. (2018). Wild Mares: My Lesbian Back-to-the-land life. University of Minnesota Press. [Minnesota and WIsconsin]

Mattews, M. (2010). Droppers: America’s First Hippie Commune, Drop City. University of Oklahoma Press. [Colorado]

Marousek, G. (1978). Costs and Benefits of Public Programs to Back-to-the-Land and Conventional Rural Households. Western Journal of Agricultural Economics, 3(1), 51–58.  [Idaho]

McPherson, G. (2011). Going Back to the Land in the Age of Entitlement. Conservation Biology, 25(5), 855–857.* [Arizona] 

Philips, J. M. (2019). Hipbillies: Deep Revolution in the Arkansas Ozarks. University of Arkansas Press. [Arkansas]

Salstrom, P. (2003). The Neonatives: Back-to-the-Land in Appalachia’s 1970’s. Appalachian Journal, 30(4), 308–323. [West Virginia]

Sandhouse, Louise, (2014) Earthquakes, Mudslides, Fires & Riots: California and Graphic Design, 1936-1986. Metropolis Books

Saumon, G. (2016). Du personnage du cow-boy solitaire à celui du pêcheur à la mouche : la fiction au fondement de la mutation territoriale de l’ouest du Montana? Annales de Géographie, 125(709-710), 309–332.* [Montana]

Steaton, C. T. (2014). Hippie Homesteaders: Arts, Craft, Music, and Living on the Land in West Virginia. West Virginia University Press. [West Virginia]

Turman-Deal, J. A. (2010). “We Were an Oddity”: A Look at the Back-to-the-Land Movement in Appalachia. West Virginia History, 4(1), 1–32. [West Virginia]

Back to the land movement outside the U.S.

A first section is dedicated to France, for both individual (research path) and comparative reasons. A second one focuses on Europe, and a third one on the rest of the World. In both second and third section, the name of the State is mentioned between square brackets. All sections exclude: a. How-to; b. magazines and newspapers; c. gray literature ; d. non-autobiographical fictional works; e. videos; and f. Websites.

In France
Academic Works

Autard, J. (2017). Trajectoires croisées vers l’installation néorurale paysanne [Master’s Thesis, EHESS].

Bovet, N. (2003). Les lieux de vie collectifs: cause de changement radical des représentations politiques [Master’s Thesis, IEP de Paris].

Bulle, S. (2020). Irréductibles. Enquête sur des milieux de vie, de Bure à Notre-Dame-des-Landes. UGA éditions. 

Chauchat, H. (1980). La voie communautaire. Enquête réalisée en France en 1975. Publications de la Sorbonne.

Chevalier, M. (1981). Les phénomènes néo-ruraux. L’espace géographique, 1, 33–47.

Cordellier, M. (2018). Recherche d’autonomie et architecture du commun dans les styles de vie communautaires [Doctoral dissertation, Université de Caen Normandie].*

Coulomb, E. (1998). Les gandhiens d’Occident. La quête de pureté dans une communauté de l’Arche de Lanza del Vasto, Terrain, 31, 29–44.

Couturier, P. (2007). Espaces ruraux marginaux ou fragiles: les catégories analytiques à l’épreuve des pratiques socio-spatiales dans le Haut-Forez. Norois, 202(1), 21–33.

Crozat, D. (2015). Lire l’habitat illégal pour comprendre le processus de normalisation spatiale de la périphérie. La cabanisation de l’Hérault. HAL-SHS. 

Dubertrand, B. (2019). Repenser la question du rapport au travail à la lumière des modes de vie alternatifs d’Ariège. In A. Gouju, M. Gregorcic, D. Kessler-Bilthauer, J.Primerano, L. Toupet, & S. Tourbé (Eds.), Les frontières dans tous leurs États (pp.93–110). Presses Universitaires de Nancy.

Dubertrand, B. (2020). Bricoler l’utopie: expérimenter d’autres manières de travailler dans la moyenne montagne ariégeoise [Doctoral dissertation, Université Toulouse 2].

Dubertrand, B. (2021). “Faire son truc” dans la montagne. Braconner l’autonomie en Ariège aujourd’hui. Civilisations, 70, 27–50.

Flipo, A. (2020). Espaces de coworking et tiers-lieux. Les réseaux d’une nouvelle ruralité? Études Rurales, 206(2), 154–174.*

Garcia, F. (1977). Pouvoirs en souffrance: néo-ruraux et collectivités rurales du Pays de Sault Oriental. Études Rurales, 65(2), 101–108.

Gazo, C. (2017). Émancipation et nouvelle paysannerie. Appréhension du fondement matériel de l’autonomie politique et de la liberté dans l’imaginaire des nouveaux paysans [Doctoral dissertation, Université Paris Diderot].

Hakimi-Pradels, N. (2021). La fabrique des hauts-lieux des alternatives sociales et écologiques dans les marges rurales françaises: le cas de la montagne limousine, Belgeo, 2021(2). 

Hautefort, L. (2021). Les collectifs de néoruraux: une incarnation de l’alternative en milieu rural, Pour, 239, 151–166.* 

Hervieu, B., & Hervieu-Léger, D. (1978). Les immigrés de l’utopie, Autrement, 14, 48–77.

Hervieu, B., & Hervieu-Léger, D. (1979). Le retour à la nature. “Au fond de la forêt… L’État. Seuil.* 

Hervieu, B., & Hervieu-Léger, D. (1983). Des communautés pour les temps difficiles. Néo-ruraux ou nouveaux moines. Éditions du Centurion. 

Hervieu-Léger, D. (1987). Religion, utopie, communautés. Christianisme et modernité [Doctoral dissertation, EHESS].

Kritzinger, S. (1989). Un exemple d’immigration d’alternatifs allemands dans les Pyrénées ariégeoises. Revue géographique des Pyrénées et du Sud-Ouest, 60(2), 199–222.*

Lacroix, B. (1974). Le discours communautaire. Revue Française de Science Politique, 24(3), 526–558. 

Lacroix, B. (1981). L’utopie communautaire, histoire sociale d’une révolte. Presses Universitaires de France.*

Leblay, M. (2020). La néo-autochtonie comme ressort de l’activisme anticipateur: observation de trois lieux d’habitat rural, coopératif et écologique. Pôle Sud, 52(1), 95–112.

Leblay, M. (2021). Fuir les métropoles: les habitats alternatifs en milieu rural comme espaces de refuge et de contestation. Métropoles, 28. 

Léger, D. (1979). Les utopies du retour. Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales. 29, 45–63.*

Léger, D. (1982). Apocalyptique écologique et “retour” de la religion. Archives des Sciences Sociales des Religions, 53(1), 49–76.

Mauger, G., & Fossé, C. (1977). La vie buissonnière. Marginalité petite-bourgeoise et marginalité populaire. Maspero.

Mauger, G. (1977). Du gauchisme au retour à la terre. Pour, 57, 15–20. 

Mauger, G. (1994). Gauchisme, contre-culture et néo-libéralisme. Pour une histoire de la génération de Mai 68. In CURAPP-CRISPA (Eds.), L’identité politique (pp. 206–226). Presses Universitaires de France.*

Mercier, C., & Simona, G. (1983). Le néo-ruralisme. Nouvelles approches pour un phénomène nouveau. Revue de Géographie Alpine, LXXI(3), 253–265. 

Mésini, B. (2011). Quelle reconnaissance pour l’habitat mobile, léger et éphémère? Techniques & Culture, 56, 148–165.*

Morel, K. (2018). Installation collective néo-paysanne. Ensemble vers d’autres modèles. Pour, 234235, 153–161.*

Pagis, J. (2003). Conditions sociales de l’accord dans un contexte d’action collective. ATTAC et la Confédération Paysanne. Enquête ethnographique sur deux configurations locales [Master’s Thesis, EHESS].

Pagis, J. (2014). Mai 68, un pavé dans leur histoire: évènements et socialisation politique. Presses de Sciences Po.

Perrenoud, M. (2008). Les artisans de la “gentrification rurale”: trois manières d’être maçon dans les Hautes-Corbières. Sociétés Contemporaines, 71(3), 95–115.

Pruvost, G. (2013). L’alternative écologique. Vivre et travailler autrement. Terrain, 60, 36–55.*

Pruvost, G. (2015). “Faire village autrement”. Des communautés introuvables aux réseaux d’habitats légers. Socio-Anthropologie, 32, 21–39. 

Pruvost, G. (2015). Chantiers participatifs, autogérés, collectifs: la politisation du moindre petit geste. Sociologie du travail, 57(1), 81–103. 

Pruvost, G. (2017). Critique en acte de la vie quotidienne à la ZAD de Notre-Dame-des-Landes (2013-2014). Politix, 117, 35–62.

Pruvost, G. (2021). Ceci n’est pas un mode d’emploi. De l’ethnocomptabilité en monde néo-paysan. Monde commun, 6(1), 158–173.

Richard, F., Tommasi, G., & Saumon, G. (2017). Le capital environnemental, nouvelle clé d’interprétation de la gentrification rurale? Norois, 243, 89–110.

Rouvière, C. (2015). Retourner à la terre. L’utopie néo-rurale en Ardèche depuis les années 1960. Presses Universitaires de Rennes.

Rouvière, C. (2016). Migrations utopiques et révolutions silencieuses néorurales depuis les années 1960. Les cahiers d’histoire. Revue d’histoire critique, 133, 127–146.

Rozencwajg, R. (2021). Le “travail utopique” est-il sexiste? Les collectifs écologiques et égalitaires à l’épreuve de la division sexuelle du travail. Civilisations, 70, 73–97.

Sallustio, M. (2018). Le “retour à la terre”: entre utopie et nostalgie. Conserveries mémorielles, 22.

Sallustio, M. (2019). A la recherche de l’écologie temporelle. De la multiplicité des temporalités comme cadre d’analyse des collectifs autogérés néo-paysans du Massif central [Doctoral dissertation, Université Libre de Bruxelles].

Sallustio, M. (2020). Moisson conviviales. Chercher l’autonomie en collectif néo-paysan. Techniques & Culture, 74, 178–193.

Sallustio, M. (2021). Collectifs utopiques en milieu rural – introduction. Civilisations, 70, 9–26.

Sarboni, E. (1993). Les communautés libertaires de 1968 à 1978 dans le Sud-Ouest [Master’s Thesis, Université de Perpignan].

Samak, M. (2014). Un engagement par le travail? Enquête sur les maraîchers biologiques des Alpes-Maritimes [Doctoral dissertation, EHESS].

Samak, M. (2016). La politisation variable des alternatives écologiques. Savoir/Agir, 38, 29–35.

Samak, M. (2020). “Back to the Land” among “Neo-Rural” Farmers: The Price to Pay. Working couples and Women’s Invisible Work. Travail et Emploi, 2020 (Special Edition), 143–165.*

Saumon, G., & Tommasi, G. (2022). La néoruralité. Recours à la campagne. Presses Universitaires Blaise Pascal.*

Snikersproge, I. (2022). Capitalism, Subsistence Farming and the (New) Peasantries from the Perspective of the French Neorural Movement. Culture, Food, Agriculture and Environment, 44(1), 53–62.*

Snikersproge, I. (2022). Voyage dans la nébuleuse du retour à la terre. Idées, le politique et la fin de la radicalité? Lignes, 67, 101–113.*

Snikersproge, I. (2023). Who are Neorurals? Or, How Capitalist Time Discipline Dilutes Political Projects and Makes It Difficult to Propose an Alternative. Economic Anthropology, 10, 65–76.*

Stuppia, P. (2008). De la communauté à l’éco-village. L’expérience des “néo-ruraux”, 30 ans après [Master’s Thesis, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne].*

Stuppia, P. (2016). La révolution dans le jardin. Utopies communautaires et expériences néo-rurales françaises après Mai 68. Éducation et Sociétés, 37, 49–64.*

Stuppia, P. (2016). L’Ariège, l’autre bastion du mouvement du retour à la terre. Causses et Cévennes, 23(3). 427–428.*

Stuppia, P. (2019). The Spreading of a Counter-culture: the Example of the French Back-to-the-Land Movement. DESC, 2(2), 67–76.*

Verdier, M. (2018). La Perspective de l’autonomie: la critique radicale de la représentation et la formation du commun dans l’expérience de l’occupation de la ZAD de Notre-Dame-des-Landes [Doctoral dissertation, Université Paris Nanterre].*

Viel, J.M. (1984). Le rôle des néo-ruraux dans le canton d’Oust-Ariège. Revue Géographique des Pyrénées et du Sud-Ouest, 55(4), 441–456.

Vuarin, R. (1982). Le recours à la terre. Essai de compréhension de la structure et explication de la genèse du mouvement contemporain d’installation à la terre des non-agriculteurs [Doctoral dissertation, Université de Provence].

Wodja, L. (2021). L’émancipation paysanne. Essai de prolongement de la réflexion éthique de Pierre Rabhi. Le Bord de l’eau.

– Journalist Works, Personal Accounts, Others

Andrieu, I. (1975). La France marginale. Albin Michel.

Barnley, P., & Paillet, P. (1978). Les néo-artisans. Vivre/Stock2.*

Bendick, W. (2019). Les néo-ruraux. Le petit guide de vie à la campagne (Vols. 1–3). ACALA.*

Besson, M., & Vidal, B. (1976). Journal d’une communauté. Vivre/Stock2.*

Bobol (2021). Nos ancêtres les babas. Les trois chaises.

Bonnel, J. P., & Gérard, P. (2016). Les communes libertaires agricoles et artistiques en pays Catalan (1970-2000). Éditions Trabucaire.*

Caniou, D. (1975). Marginalisme et retour à la terre. Éditions d’Utovie.

Collectif Réseau Alternatives. (1982). Hé… Mouvances. Des histoires… Des lieux de vie. Réseau Alternatives.

D’Allens, G., & Leclair, L. (2016). Les néo-paysans. Seuil/Reporterre.

Desmares-Poirrier, C. (2020). L’exode urbain. Manifeste pour une ruralité positive. Terre vivante.

Droit, R.P., & Gallien, A. (1972). La chasse au bonheur. Les nouvelles communautés en France. Calmann-Lévy.*

Dupin, E. (2014). Les défricheurs. La Découverte.

Dupont, C. (2011). Osons l’utopie! Le fol été des communautés. Les éditions libertaires.*

Fortin, O., Fortin, S. Y., & Fortin, X. (2010). Hors système. Onze ans sous l’étoile de la liberté. JC Lattès.*

Gevaert, P. (1997). L’exode urbain est-il pour demain? Ruralis.*

Hunzinger, C. (1973). Bambois, la vie verte. Vivre/Stock2.*

Landes, H. (2022). Repeupler les campagnes. Comment organiser l’exode urbain pour répondre à l’urgence écologique. Les Éditions de l’Observatoire.

Le Bris, M. (1975). Les fous du Larzac. Gallimard.* 

Lévy-Stringer, J. (1977). Les marginaux. Une nouvelle force politique en France. Fayolle.*

Lévy-Stringer, J. (1978). Le temps des chèvres. Chroniques Cévenoles. Fayolle.*

Longa, D.M. (2011). Mon enfance sauvage. Glénat.*

Longa, D.M. (2014). Terre courage. Glénat.

Lulek, M. (2009). Scions… Travaillait autrement? Ambiance Bois, l’aventure d’un collectif autogéré. Éditions Repas.

Mabille, C. (1976). Quelques expériences pour changer la vie. Vivre/stock2.

Petitfils, G. (1975). Le livre de mon moulin. Vivre/Stock2.

Poignant, P. (2015). Salut Beatnik! Une communauté hippie en Ariège. Fabbro.*

Rabhi, P. (1983). Du Sahara aux Cévennes ou la reconquête d’un songe. Éditions du Candide.*

Rey, B. (2007). Les trous de mémoire (suite). Les éditions Libertaires.*

Tanquerelle, H., Benoît, Y. (2010). La communauté: Entretiens. Futuropolis.

Willette, L. (1993). Longo Maï. 20 ans d’utopies communautaires. Syros. 

In Europe 

Dolci, P. (2021). Des néo-agriculteurs qui ont de la ressource, Études rurales, 208, 104–123.* [Italy]

Forsythe, D. E. (1980). Urban incomers and rural change: the impact of migrants from the city on life in Orkney community. Sociologia Ruralis, 20, 287–307. [United Kingdom]

Gallino, I. M. (Ed.). (2012).  La comune hippy di Ovada- un’utopia vissuta. Storie, immagini, testimonianze. Igniazio Maria Gallino Editore. [Italy]

Ferraresi, G. (2013). Neoruralità: radici di futuro in campo, Scienze del territorio, 1, 71–78.* [Italy]

Martínez Illa, S. (1986). El retorn al camp a Catalunya: els neorurals a la Garrotxa [Master’s Thesis, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona]. [Spain]

Nogué i Font, J. (1985) El paisatge existencial de la Utopia. In Una lectura geogràfico-humanista del paisatge de la Garrotxa (pp. 204–224). Collegi Universitari de Girona i Diputació de Girona. [Spain]

Nogué i Font, J. (1988). El fenomeno neorrural. Agricultura y Societad, 47, 145–175.* [Spain]

Nogué i Font, J. (2012). Neo-Ruralism in the European Context. Origins and Evolution. In J. R. Resina & W. R., Viestenzeds (Eds.), The Neo-Ruralism: An Epistemology of Transformed Space (pp. 27–40). Vervuert. [Europe in general]

The big T.N.T. Show. (1974). Vivere insieme (il libro delle comuni). Arcana.* [Italy]

Voisin, M. (1977). Communautés utopiques et structures sociales. Le cas de la Belgique francophone. Revue Française de Sociologie, XVIII(2), 271–300. [Belgium]

Diemer, I., & Supp, E. (1982). Ils vivent autrement. Stock2.* [Germany]

Webster, C. (1976). Communes: A Thematic Typology. In S. Hall & T. Jefferson (Eds.), Resistance Through Rituals: Youth Subcultures in Post-War Britain (pp. 127–134). Hutchinson.* [United Kingdom]


Cavers, M. (2016). Dollars for “Deadbeats”: Opportunities for Youth Grants and the Back-to-the-Land Movement on British Columbia’s Sunshine Coast. In C. M. Coates (Ed.), Canadian Countercultures and the Environment (pp. 179–200). University of Calgary Press. [Canada]

Dinello, R., & Méric, P. (1972). Théorie et pratique de la vie en communauté, Paris: Bélibaste.* [Uruguay and other European Countries]

Janovicek, N. (2016). Seeds of Knowledge: From Back-to-the-Land to Urban Gardening. RCC Perspectives, 4, 33–40. [Canada]

Hallinan, L. (2012). Back to the land. A Year of Country Gardening, Auckland: Penguin Books. [New Zealand]

Henry, R. (2012). Countering Place: Hippies, Hairies and “Enacted Utopia”. In Performing Place, Practising Memories: Aboriginal Australians, Hippies and the State (pp. 76–110). Berghahn Books. [Australia]

O’Connor, R. (2016). Children of the Hummus: Growing Up Back-to-the-Land on Prince Edward Island. In C. M. Coates (Ed.), Canadian Countercultures and the Environment (pp. 259–286). University of Calgary Press. [Canada]

Pursell, C. (2019). Making the political personal: Gender and sustainable lifestyles in 1970s Australia. In M. Arrow & A. Woollacott (Eds.), Everyday Revolutions: Remaking Gender, Sexuality and Culture in 1970s Australia (pp. 63–82). ANU Press. [Australia]

Simmons, T. A. (1979), “But we Must Cultivate Our Garden”: Twentieth Century Pioneering in Rural British Columbia [Doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota]. [Canada]

Stickells, L. (2022, September 30–October 1). Way down Under: Framing Australia’s Back-to-the-Land Movement [Conference Presentation]. Symposium “Contested Legacies: The Counterculture After Fifthy”, Northwestern Center for Civic Engagement, San Francisco, CA, United States. [Australia]

Weaver, S. (2016). Back-to-the-Land Environmentalism and Small Island Ecology: Denman Island, BC, 1974–1979. In C. M. Coates (Ed.), Canadian Countercultures and the Environment (1st ed., pp. 29–54). University of Calgary Press. [Canada]


Politics & Philosophy

The 1960s context

  • CRM
  • Decolonization and theology of liberation
  • Pacifism, anti-Nuclear movements
  • Free Speech Movement

Main influences

  • Precursors of the BTL Movement
  • Anarchism
  • Anti-industrial and Primitivism
  • Romanticism
  • Heterodox Marxism
  • Beat Generation
  • Psychedelic Movement
  • Far East Spiritualities / New spiritualities

Inside and outside the campuses

  • The Vietnam and Draf opposition
  • The spreading of the New Left
  • From Hippies to Yippies
  • The WU
  • The emergence of ethnic minorities: Black Panthers Party, Chicanos, Native Am Revitalization

Cavanagh & Veracini, The Routledge Handbook of the History of the Settler Colonialism. 2016.

Churchill, W. (?) Struggle for the land, Native north american resistance…

Dunbar-Ortiz, R. 2014. An Indigenous People’s History of the US. Beacon Press.

Norton J. 1979. Genocides in North Western California: When our Worlds Cried. The Indian Historian Press.

John Salter : 2009 “Medicine Trails: A Life in Many Worlds.” Coauthored with Mavis McCovey, the memoir of a living medicine woman of the Karuk Tribe of California.  Heyday Books, Berkeley, California.

Élise Marienstras, La résistance indienne aux États-Unis, xviexxie siècle, Paris, Gallimard/Julliard, coll. Folio Histoire, 2014. Édition revue et augmentée de : La résistance indienne aux États-Unis du xvie au xxe siècle, Paris, Gallimard/Julliard, coll. Archives, 1980

Blatrix, C., & Gervereau L. (Eds.). (2016). Tout vert! Le grand tournant de l’écologie 1969-1975. AgroParisTech / Musée du Vivant.*

Carson, R. Silent Spring.

Berg, P. (2009). Envisioning sustainability. Subculture Books.*

Berg, P. (Ed.). (1978). Reinhabiting a Separate Country. A Bioregional Anthology of Northern California. Planet Drum Foundation.*

Aberley D. 1999. « Interpreting bioregionalism: A story from many voices », in McGinnis M. V. (dir.).  Bioregionalism, Londres/New York : Routledge, 13 – 42.

Berg P., Mills S. (dir.). 1981. Bioregions, CoEvolution Quarterly, 32.

Berg et a. 1989. A Green City Program for the San Francisco Bay Area and Beyond, Berkeley : Wingbow Press.

Callenbach, E. 1975. Ecotopia, Berkeley : Banyan Tree Books.

Cato M.S. 2013. The Bioregional Economy. Land, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, Londres : Routledge.

Celnik J. 2014. « A San Francisco, le tambour pour la terre se fait toujours entendre », Reporterre,

Celnik J. 2017. « Cascadia, ou l’exemple d’une biorégion comme nouveau territoire de la décroissance », in Sinaï A. (dir.), Politiques de l’anthropocène III, Paris : Presses de Sciences Po, 119 – 135.

Freedlund A. et a. 2018. « Remembering Freeman and when Restoration was Radical », Mattole Watershed News, 11, 1 – 4.

Dufoing F. 2012. L’écologie radicale, Paris : Folio.

Duhem L., Pereira de Moura R. (dir.). 2020. Design des territoires. L’enseignement de la Biorégion, Paris : Eterotopia.

Evanoff, R. 2011. Bioregionalism and Global Ethics, Londres/New York : Routledge.

François S. 2022. Les verts-bruns. L’écologie de l’extrême droite française, Lormont : Le Bord de l’eau.

GIEC. 2022. Climate Change 2022. Working group III Report,

Glotfeltry C., Fromm H. 2009. The Ecocriticism Reader. Landmarks in Literary Ecology, Athens : University of Georgia Press.

Jacob J. 2007. « Le biorégionalisme, de la nouvelle gauche à la nouvelle droite », La Pensée, 350,  69 – 76.

Magnaghi A. 2000. Il progetto locale, Turin : Bollati Boringhieri.

Mangaghi A. 2014. La Biorégion urbaine. Petit traité sur le territoire bien commun, Paris : Eterotopia.

Martien J. (aka Dr Loon). 2019. The Price of a Life. Shell, Gold, Carbon Notes & Weed : Four Kinds of Money in the Humboldt Bay/Six Rivers Region, Arcata : Bug Press.

Masnovo J. 1994. « Bioregionalismo. Parola di Berg », AAM Terra Nuova, 84, 9 – 13.

Olin Wright E. 2017. Utopies réelles, Paris : La Découverte.

Paquot T. 2019. « De la Biorégion Urbaine », Contesti. Città, Territori, Progetti, 1, 72 – 89.

PDF. 2011. Mission Statement,

PDF. 2012. Planet Drum Info and Project History,

PDF. 2022. Planet Drum Ecuador,

Pelletier P. 2008. « « Indigènes de l’univers ». Des anarchistes et le territoire », Réfractions, 21, 11 – 22.

Rollot M. 2018.  Les territoires du vivant. Un manifeste biorégionaliste, Paris : François Bourin.

Rollot M. 2018. « Aux origines de la Biorégion », Métropolitiques,

Rollot M., Schaffner. M. 2021. Qu’est-ce qu’une biorégion ?, Marseille : Wildproject..

Sale K. 1985. Dwellers in the Land. The Bioregional Vision, San Francisco : Sierra Books.

Sale K. 2020. L’art d’habiter la terre. La vision biorégionale, Marseille : Wildproject.

Schaffner M. et a. (dir.). 2021. Les veines de la terre. Une anthologie des bassins versants, Marseille : Wildproject.

Sinaï A. et a. 2019. Biorégions 2050. L’Ile-de-France après l’effondrement, Paris : Institut Momentum.

Saxon, K. (1972). The Poor Man’s James Bond: The Complete “Militant’s Formulary” and Much, Much More. Atlan Formulaires.

Del Percio Vergnaud J. M. 2015. Quête du Graal postmoderne et temps des tribus. Une nouvelle révolution conservatrice, Paris : Matériologiques

Blair Taylor, Ecofascism and far-right environmentalism in the US


Lifestyles and Lifesphere

Works in the fifth section encompass personal accounts (seldom auto-biographical novels, excluding fictional works), academic and journalist works on the “Hippie Trail” – generally from Europe to Indian subcontinent, and early editions of travel guides started by participants to counterculture.

Food of the Gods: The Search for the Original Tree of Knowledge : A Radical History of Plants, Drugs, and Human Evolution by Terence McKenna.

Piomelli, D. (1995). Storia della canapa indiana. Breve ma veridica. Stampa Alternativa.*

Bradford, J. T. (2019). East Meets West: Hippies, Hash, and the Globalization of the Afghan Drug Trade. In Poppies, Politics, and Power: Afghanistan and the Global History of Drugs and Diplomacy (pp. 116–144). Cornell University Press.

Ahmad, A. N. (2008). The romantic appeal of illegal migration: Gender, masculinity and human smuggling from Pakistan. In M. Schrover, J. van der Leun, L. Lucassen, & C. Quispel (Eds.), Illegal Migration and Gender in a Global and Historical Perspective (pp. 127–150). Amsterdam University Press.

Cabot, H. (2020). The new chardonnay : the unlikely story of how marijuana went mainstream

Gerbault, J. M. (1965). Les drogues du bonheur. Hachette.*

Lee, M. A. (2012). Smoke Signals: A Social History of Marijuana – Medical, Recreational and Scientific. Scribner.

Maguire, P., & Ritter, M. (2014). Thai Stick. Surfers, Scammers, and the Untold Story of the Marijuana Trade. Columbia University Press.

Martin, A. & Hushin, R. (2014). A New Leaf: The End of Cannabis Prohibition. The New Press.

Pollan, M. (2000). The Botany of Desire: A Plant’s Eye View of the World. Random House.

Rendon, J. (2012). Super-charged: How Outlaws, Hippies, and Scientists Reinvented Marijuana. Timber Press.

Warner, R. (1986). Invisible Hand: The Marijuana Business. Beech Tree Books.

Michael Polson (2015): From Outlaw to Citizen: Police Power, Property, and the Territorial Politics of Medical Marijuana in California’s Exurbs, Territory, Politics, Governance, DOI: 10.1080/21622671.2015.1073613 *

Polson, M and Bodwitch, H. 2021. Prohibited commoning: Cannabis
and emancipatory legalization.
Elem Sci Anth, 9: 1. DOI: https://

Fine, D. Too high to fail: Cannabis and the New Green Economic Revolution, NY Gotham 201

Partridge, C. 2003. “Sacred Chemicals? Psychedelic Drugs and Mystical Experi-
ence.” In C. Partridge and T. Gabriel, eds., Mysticisms East and West: Studies in
Mystical Experience, pp. 98–131. Carlisle: Paternoster.

BIT Travel & Self-Help. (1970). Overland to India and Australia. BIT.

Gemie, S., & Ireland, B. (2017). The Hippie Trail. A History. Manchester University Press.

Gloaguen, P., & Duval, M. (1973). Le Guide du Routard. Gedalge.

Johnston, P. J. (2013). Dharma Bums: The Beat Generation and the Making of Countercultural Pilgrimage. Buddhist-Christian Studies, 33, 165–179.

MacLean, R. (2007). Magic Bus: On the Hippie Trail from Istanbul to India. Penguin Books.*

Rozenberg, D. (1990). Tourisme et utopie aux Baléares. Ibiza, une île pour une autre vie. L’Harmattan.

Saldanha, A. (2007). Tripping on India. In Psychedelic White: Goa Trance and the Viscosity of Race (pp. 28–43). University of Minnesota Press.

Tomory, D. (1998). A Season in Heaven: True Tales from the Road to Kathmandu. Lonley Planet.

Welsh, K. (1972). Hitch-Hiker’s Guide to Europe. Stein and Day.

Wheeler, T. (1973). Across Asia on the Cheap. A Complete Guide to Making the Overland Trip. Lonely Planet.

Wheeler, T., & Wheeler, M. (2006). Unlikely Destinations: The Lonely Planet Story. Tuttle Publishing.

Personal Accounts

Axel, B. (1970). H. Flammarion.*

Bendick, W. (2017). La route des hippies (Hippie Trail). Un voyage à travers des pays et des mondes inconnus (Vols 1–2). ACALA.*

Bianchi, P. (1979). Abulbabul. Viaggio di un ciarlatano. Studio Forma.

Blanksby, D. (2021). World Travel in the 1960’s: The Hippie Overland to Australia. Independently Published.

Brady, A.G. (2013). Ten Years on the Hippie Trail: Kansas to Katmandu, Sugar City ID: Mooncows Publishing.

Cohelo, P. (2018). Hippie. Knopf.

De Baròid, C. (2013). A Little Madness: Travels on the Hippie Trail. Ogham Press.

Duchaussois, C. (1971). Flash ou le grand voyage. Fayard.*

Earthman. (2015). Eight Finger Eddie: The Hippie History of Goa and Kathmandu. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

Frumkin, M. (2022). Suspected Hippie on transit. Sex, Drugs, Rock ‘n’ Roll, and the Search for Higher Consciousness on the International Trail, 1971-1977. Balsam Press.

Liss, K. (2018). From Hearthbreak to Hippie Trail. Sex, Drugs, and Backpacking in Europe, Israel, East Africa, and Asia. KIM Publishing.

Hall, M. (2007). Remembering the Hippie Trail. Travelling across Asia, 1976-1978. Island Publications.

Kreamer, R.L. (2020). The Hippie Trail: After Europe, Turn Left. Fonthill Media.

Norris, R.W. (1996). Looking for the Sun. Touka Shobo.

Odzer, C. (1995). Goa Freaks. My Hippie Years in India. Foxrock.

Pirovano, C. (1985). La droga come cultura e come piaga sociale. In Italia moderna 4, Milan, Electra. 151-156.*

Rideout, R. (2010). Still Singing, Somewhere. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

Rogers, R. (2012). Letters from the Hippie Trail: Overland from Europe through Asia, 1977-1982. Renee Rogers.

Schmitt, M. (2019). Hippie Trail. Auf dem Landweg nach Indien. Michaela Schmitt c/o

Tesoreiro, M.A. (2021). Bom Bom. A Wacky Hippie Trail Adventure. Surfer’s Entreprises Pty Ltd. 

Togoff, M. (2004). Can’t Find My Way Home: America in the Great Stoned Age, 1945-2000. Simon & Schuster.

Versluis, A. (2014). American Gurus. From Transcendentalism to New Age. Oxford University Press.

Westby, B.L. (2002). Letters Home: Lessons from the Great Hippie Trail. Waterside Productions.

Zafiropulos, M., & Pinell, P. (1982). Drogues, déclassement et stratégies de disqualification, Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales. 42, 61–75.*

Selected Music, Performances, Art and Festivals

As it is impossible to mention all festivals, art and theater performances, singers, bands, and genres created or (re-)discovered by counterculturists in the US until today, this part includes a selection of books and articles with a particular focus on the Bay Area. A specific section is consecrated to the Oregon Country Fair.

Boyd, J. (2017). White Bicycles: Making Music in the 1960s. Serpent’s Tail.

Cox, J. (2018). The Protest Song: Bridge Leadership, Sonic Innovation, and the Long Civil Rights Movement [Doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania]. 

Delmas, Y., & Gancel, C. (2005). Protest Song: la chanson contestataire de l’Amérique des Sixties. Textuel Musik.

DeRogatis, J. (1996). Kaleidoscope eyes: Psychedelic Music from the 1960s to the 1990s. Four Estatis.

Echard, W. (2017). Psychedelic Popular Music: A History through Musical Topic Theory. Indiana University Press. 

Foster, C. (1999). Roots, Rock, Reggae: An Oral History of Reggae Music from Ska to Dancehall. Billboard.

Friedlander, P. Rock and Roll: A Social History. Westwiew Press.

Frith, S. (1981). The Magic That Can Set You Free: The Ideology of Folk and the Myth of Rock. Popular Music, 1, 159–168.

Hegarty, P., & Halliwell, M. (2022). Beyond and Before, Updated and Expanded Edition. Progressive Rock across Time and Genre. Bloomsbury Academic.

James, D. (1989). The Vietnam War and American Music. Social Text, 23, 122–143. 

Joyson, V. (1993). Fuzz, Acid and Flowers: A Comprehensive Guide to American Garage, Psychedelic and Hippie Rock (1964-1975). Borderline Productions.

Katz, D. (2003). Solid Foundation: An Oral History of Reggae. Jawbone Press.

Leech, J. (2011). Seasons They Change. The Story of Acid and Psychedelic Folk. Jawbone.

Leroy, A. (2014). Rock progressif. Le mot et le reste.

Lund, J., & Denisoff, R. S. (1971). The Folk Music Revival and the Counter Culture: Contributions and Contradictions. The Journal of American Folklore, 84(334), 394–405.

Masen, U. (Spring 2001). Environmental Activist Music as a Community-Building Ritual. Religious Studies News.

Maskell, S. L. (2021). Straightedge: A (White, Male, Middle-Classed) Music-Based Social Movement. In Politics as Sound: The Washington, DC, Hardcore Scene, 1978-1983 (pp. 156–177). University of Illinois Press. 

Miller, J. (1999). Flowers in the Dustbin: The Rise of Rock & Roll, 1947-1977. Simon & Schuster.

Moores, J. R. (2021). Electric Wizards. A Tapestry of Heavy Music. Reaktion Books.

Myers, M. (2013). Why Jazz Happened. University of California Press.

Ott, B. D., & Joseph, L. S. (2017). Mysticism, Technology, and the Music of the Summer of Love. Generations: Journal of the American Society on Aging, 41(2), 27–33.

Snider, C. (2021). The Strawberry Bricks Guide to Progressive Rock. (3rd ed.).

St. John, G. (2004). Rave Culture and Religion. Routledge.

St. John, G. (2012). Global Tribe: Technology, Spirituality and Psytrance. Equinox Publishing Ltd.

Street, John. (1986). Rebel Rock: The Politics of Popular Music. Basil Blackwell.

Unterberger, R. (2002). Turn! Turn! Turn! The ’60s Folk-Rock Revolution. Backbeat Books.

Unterberger, R. (2003). Eight Miles High: Folk-Rock’s Flight from Haight-Ashbury to Woodstock. Backbeat Books.

Whiteley, S. (1992). The Space Between the Notes: Rock and the Counter-Culture. Routledge. 

  • The Bay Area Scene

Adams, R. G. (1998). Inciting Sociological Thought by Studying the Deadhead Community: Engaging Publics in Dialogue. Social Forces, 77(1), 1–25.

Benson, M. (2016). Why the Grateful Dead Matter. University Press of New England. 

Bernstein, D. (ed.). (2008). The San Francisco Tape Music Center: 1960s Counterculture and the Avant-Garde. University of California Press.

Conners, P. (2017). Cornell ’77: The Music, the Myth, and the Magnificence of the Grateful Dead’s Concert at Barton Hall. Cornell University Press.

Devillard, A., & Bousquet, O. (2019). Streets of San Francisco. L’histoire du rock dans la Bay Area. Le mot et le reste.

Dodd., D. G., & Sapulding, D. (2000). The Grateful Dead Reader. Oxford University Press.

Flory, A. (2019). Liveness and the Grateful Dead. American Music, 37(2), 123–145.

Glatt, J. (1993). Rage & Roll: Bill Graham and the Selling of Rock. Carol Publishing Group.

Glatt, J. (2016). Live at the Fillmore East and West: Getting Backstage and Personal with Rock’s Greatest Legends. LP.

Graham, B., & Greenfield, R. (1992). Bill Graham Presents: My Life Inside Rock and Out. Doubleday.

Greenfield, R. (1996). Dark Star: An Oral Biography of Jerry Garcia. William Morrow & Co.

Hart, M., Stevens, J., & Lieberman, F. (1990). Drumming at the Edge of Magic: A Journey into the Spirit of Percussion. Harper.

Hart, M., Lieberman, F., & Sonneborn, D. A. (1991). Planet Drum: A Celebration of Percussion and Rhythm. Harper.

Hoskyns, B. (1997). Beneath the Diamond Sky: Haight-Ashbury, 1965-1970. Bloomsbury.*

Hunt, P. M. (2008). From Festies to Tourrats: Examining the Relationship between Jamband Subculture Involvement and Role Meanings. Social Psychology Quarterly, 71(4), 356–378. 

Jackson, B. (1999). Garcia: An American Life. Penguin Books.

Kaliss, J. (2008). I Want to Take You Higher: The Life and Times of Sly & The Family Stone. Backbeat Books.

Kaufman, S. (2018). Deadheads and Mekons Fans, Or the Question of Musical Cults. In Metaphysical Graffiti: Rock’s Most Mind-Bending Questions (pp. 103–114). OR Books.

Kelly, L. (2015). Deadheads: Stories from Fellow Artists, Friends, and Followers of the Grateful Dead. Skyhorse Publishing.

Kaukonen, J. (with Slick, G.). (2018). Been so long: My Life and Music. St Martin’s Press.

Kubernik, H. (2017). 1967 : a complete rock music history of the summer of love. Sterling.

Lesh, Phil. (2005). Searching for the Sound: My Life with the Grateful Dead. Little and Brown, 2005

McNally, D. (2015). A Long Strange Trip: The Inside History of the Grateful Dead. Corgi Books.

Millman, S., & Hart, M. (2020). Alive with the Dead: Or, A fly on the Wall with a Camera. Last Gasp Press.

Roth, L. K. (2003). Dancing Skeletons: The Subversion of Death Among Deadheads. In P. Narvàez (Ed.), Of Corpse: Death and Humor in Folkore and Popular Culture (pp. 263–293). University Press of Colorado.

Rowes, B. (1980). Grace Slick: The Biography. Doubleday.

Sardiello, R. (1994). Secular Rituals in Popular Culture: A Case for Grateful Dead Concerts and Dead Head Identity. In J. S. Epstein (Ed.), Adolescents and Their Music: If It’s Too Loud, You’re Too Old (pp. 115–138). Garland.

Scully, R., Dalton, D. (2001). Living with the Dead: Twenty Years on the Bus with Garcia and the Grateful Dead. Cooper Square Press.

Selvin, J. (1966). San Francisco: The Musical History Tour. Chronicle Books.

Tamarkin, J. (2003). Got a Revolution! The Turbulent Flight of Jefferson Airplane. Atria.

Weinstein, N. (2009). Carlos Santana: A Biography. Greenwood Press.

Zimmerman, N. (2008). Counterculture Kaleidoscope: Musical and Cultural Perspectives on Late Sixties San Francisco. University of Michigan Press.

  • Street Performances / theatre

Cohen-Cruz, J. (Ed.). (1998). Radical Street Performance. Routledge.

Davis, R.G. (1976). The San Francisco Mime Troupe: The First Ten Years. Ramparts Press.

Mason, S.V. (Ed.). 2013. The San Francisco Mime Troupe Reader. University of Michigan Press.

Orenstein, C. (1999). Festive Revolutions. The Politics of Popular Theater and the San Francisco Mime Troupe. University Press of Mississippi.

San Francisco Mime Troupe. (1970). Guerrilla Theater Essays: 1. Key Printing Company.

Spolin, V. (1963). Improvisation for the Theater: A Handbook of Teaching and Directing Techniques. Northwestern University Press.

Selected Literature and Filmography

Alexander, S. (1975). Shana Alexander’s State-by-State Guide to Women’s Legal Rights. Wollstonecraft.

Baldwin, J. (1990). Whole Earth Ecolog: The Best of Environmental Tools & Ideas. Three Rivers Press.

Ballou, J. (2013). The Poor Man Wilderness Survival Kit. Assembly Your Emergency Gear for Little or No Money. Prepper Press.

Bay Laurel, A. (1970). Living on the Earth. Bookworks.

Belfer, N. (1972). Designing in Batik and Tie Dye. Davis Publications Inc.

Brown, E. E. (1986). Tassajara Cooking. Shambhala.

Brown, T., Morgan, B., & Bolyn, H. (1983). Tom Brown’s Field Guide to Wilderness Survival. Berkeley Books.

Brown, W.M. (1971). The Food Stamp Gourmet. Patrician Eating on a Proletary Budget. Bellaphone Books.

Canterbury, D. (2014). Bushcraft 101: A Field Guide to the Art of Wilderness Survival. F+W Media.

Christian, D.L. (2003). Creating a Life Together. Practical Tools to Create Ecovillages and Intentional Communities. New Society Publishers.

Christian, D.L. (2007). Finding Community. How to Join an Ecovillage or Intentional Community. New Society Publishers.

Drake, W.D. (1973). The Connoisseur’s Handbook of Marijuana. Owen.

Drake, W.D. (1979). The Cultivator’s Handbook of Marijuana. Book People.

Earth First. (1997) Earth First! Direct Action Manual: Uncompromising Nonviolent Resistance in Defense of Mother Earth (1st ed.). DAM Collective c/o SWEF!

Emery, C. (1974). Old Fashioned Recipe Book. Carla Emery. 

Emery, C. (1977). Old Fashioned Recipe Book: An Encyclopedia of Country Living. Bantam Books.

Emery, C. (2019). The encyclopedia of Country Living, 50th Anniversary Edition: The Original Manual for Living off the Land & Doing It Yourself. Sasquatch Books.

Faires, N. (2011). The Ultimate Guide to Homesteading: An Encyclopedia of Independent Living. Skyhorse Publishing.

The Foxfire Book Series (vols 1–12, 1970-2004). In particular:

Wiggington, E., & His Students (Eds.). (1970). The Foxfire Book. Anchor.

Wiggington, E., & His Students (Eds.). (1973). Foxfire 2. Anchor.

Wiggington, E., & His Students (Eds.). (1975). Foxfire 3. Anchor.

Wiggington, E., & His Students (Eds.). (1977). Foxfire 4. Anchor.

Wiggington, E., & His Students (Eds.). (1979). Foxfire 5. Anchor.

Frank, M., Rosenthal, E. (1978). Marijuana grower’s guide. And/Or.

Gehring, A. (2014). Back to Basics: A Complete Guide to Traditional Skills. Skyhorse Publishing.

Gehring, A. (2014). Homesteading: A Backyard Guide to Growing Your Own Food, Canning, Keeping Chickens, Generating Your Own Energy, Crafting, Herbal Medicine, and More. Skyhorse Publishing.

Hari Dass, B. & Thomas, S. N. (1981). Ashtanga Yoga Primer. Sri Rama Pub.

Hendel, M. (1980). New Age Vegetarian Cookbook. Rosicrucian Fellowship.

Hills, P., & Wiener, J. (1973). The Leathercraft Book. How to Make Belts, Bags, Sandals, and Garments. Random House.

Hoffman, A. (1971). Steal This Book. Pirate Editions.

Kern, K., Kogan, T., & Tallon, K. (1976). The Owner-Builder and the Code: Politics of Building your Home. Owner-Builder Publications.

Kloss, J. (1972). Back to Eden: American herbs for pleasure and health; natural nutrition with recipes and instructions for living the Edenic life. Lifeline Books.

Markham, B. L. (2010). Mini-Farming: Self-sufficiency on 1/4 acre. Skyhorse Publishing.

Mountain Girl. (1998). Primo Plant. Growing Marijuana Outdoors, Oakland CA: Quick American Archives. 

Muir, J. (1969). How to Keep Your Volkswagen Alive: a Manual of Step-By-Step Procedures for the Complete Idiot. Avalon Books.

Rosenberg, J. (1973). Total Orgasm. Random House.

Saxon, K. (1976). Medicines Like Granddad Used to Make. Atlan Formularies. 

Saxon, K. (1977). Survival Foods, Plus. Atlan Formularies.

Scher, L., Scher, C. (1974). Finding and Buying Your Place in the Country. MacMillan.

Szczelkun, S. A. (1973). Survival scrapbook. Schocken Books.

Sender Bayarón, R., & Bay Laurel, A. (1973.). Being of the Sun. Harper & Row.

Seymour, J. (with Schumacher, E. F.). (1976). The Guide to Self-Sufficiency. Hearst Books.

Shockley, R. O. & Fox, C. K. (1970). Survival in the Wilds. A.S. Barnes.

Sussmann, V. (1978). The Vegetarian Alternative. A Guide to a Healthful and Humane Diet. Rodale.

The Trapese Collective (Ed.). (2007). Do It Yourself: A Handbook For Changing Our World. Pluto Press. 

Vātsyāyana, & Burton, R. F. (1962). The Kama sutra of Vatsyayana: the classic Hindu treatise on love and social conduct. Arkana.

Vishnudevananda, S. (1960). The Complete Illustrated Book of Yoga. Julian Press.

Watson, D. (1977). Designing & Building a Solar House: your place in the sun. Garden Way Pub.

Werner, D. (1978). Where There Is No Doctor: a village health care handbook (1st English ed.). Hesperian Foundation.

The Whole Earth Catalog (1968-1998), In particular:

Brand, S. (Ed.). (1968). Whole Earth Catalog: Access to tools (1st ed.). Portola Institute.*

Brand, S. (Ed.). (1969). Difficult but Possible. Supplement to the Whole Earth Catalog. Portola Institute.

Brand, S. (Ed.). (1971). The Last Whole Earth Catalog. Portola Institute.

Brand, S. (Ed.). (1980). The Next Whole Earth Catalog. Portola Institute.

  • In France

Albert, C. (1982). Une autre assiette. Conseils pratiques pour une alimentation saine, simple, savoureuse et économique. Dubard.

Baronnet, P. (1997). De la maison autonome à l’autonomie de penser. Éditions du Souffle d’Or & L’Orée du Bois.

Bedouet, L. (2017). Créer sa micro-ferme. Permaculture et agroécologie. Rustica.

Caniou, D. (1977). Le répertoire écologique de l’agriculture et de l’alimentation biologique. Éditions d’Utovie.

Chris. (1977). Mode d’emploi de la chèvre. Éditions d’Utovie.

Duchesne, R., Ferrand, H., & Thomas, J. (1980). La vannerie. L’oisier. J. B. Baillère.

L’encyclopédie d’Utovie book series (Vols 1–106, since 1982). In particular:

Encyclopédie d’Utovie. (1982). Encyclopédie d’Utovie n°1. Éditions d’Utovie.

Encyclopédie d’Utovie. (1982). Encyclopédie d’Utovie n°5 spécial La bonne bouffe. Éditions d’Utovie.

Mérien, D. (1984). Le jeûne – Encyclopédie d’Utovie n°5. Éditions d’Utovie.

Moutsie. (2002). L’ortie une amie qui vous veut du bien – Encyclopédie d’Utovie n°64. Éditions d’Utovie.

Moutsie. (2021). Les plantes médicinales. Précis de phytothérapie simplifiée – Encyclopédie d’Utovie n°106. Éditions d’Utovie.

Fabre, N. (2014). Mon retour à la terre. Guide du néorural. Kontrekulture.

Flament-Ortun, S., & Macias, B. (2018). Néo-paysans. Le guide (très) pratique. France Agricole.

Hervé-Gruyer, C. (2022). Faire son bois de chauffage sans pétrole. Ulmer.

Hunzinger, C., & Hunzinger, F. (with Tiévant, P.). (1976). De toutes les couleurs ou comment teindre les laines avec les fleurs, les haies, les feuilles et les écorces. Stock.

Jaubert, A., Ségal, I., Salomon, J. C., & Weil, N. (1974). Guide de la France des luttes. Lutter/Stock2.

Jouat, N. (2011). Wwoofing. Le guide: pour des vacances solidaires, économiques et écologiques. Democratic Books.

Lecuyer, P. (ed.). (1998). Guide des alternatives. France et Belgique. Éditions du Frasse & Éditions du Souffle d’Or.

Les enfants d’Aquarius. (1974). Manuel de la vie pauvre. Vivre/Stock2.*

Massacrier, J. (1973). Savoir revivre. Albin Michel.

Miraillet, J., & Miraillet, H. (1975). Memento juridique à l’usage des communautaires. Éditions d’Utovie.

Morjane Baba. (2003). Guérilla Kit : Ruses et techniques des nouvelles luttes anticapitalistes. La Découverte.

Syndicat de la magistrature. (2000). Guide du manifestant arrêté. Le passager clandestin.

Utovie. (1978). Le pain: des différentes manières de le faire soi-même. Éditions d’Utovie.

Utovie. (1979). Les éoliennes: de leur théorie, de leur pratique et de leur utilisation pour le pompage de l’eau, comme pour la fabrication d’électricité. Éditions d’Utovie.*

Van der Seleen, A., & Gevaert, A. (1985). Le livre de la cuisine naturiste et macrobiotique. Tome I. 400 recettes. Publications Lima.